Monroe Environmental is a single source solution for highly durable and efficient Packed Bed Wet Scrubbers. A Packed Bed Scrubber is a wet scrubber that removes acids, soluble gasses, chemicals, fumes, and odors. Contaminated gas flows through a specially designed packing media that is wetted with recirculated liquid. The liquid solvent absorbs the gas pollutant by physical or chemical means. A blowdown from the tank with makeup water addition removes contaminant products before they precipitate.
Packed Bed Wet Scrubber Design
- Capacities: 10 to 75,000 CFM with a single unit
- Efficiencies to 99.99%
- Vertical and horizontal configurations
- Counter-flow and cross-flow models
- Cylindrical and rectangular construction designs
- Pre-quench and venturi stages available
Monroe Environmental offers complete in-house fabrication and engineering services to provide high quality solutions at a low price. Monroe Environmental supports its customers with installation, start-up assistance, training, and field service. Each Packed Bed Scrubber is sized and designed for specific customer requirements. We will evaluate fume removal applications to determine the optimum design parameters for each installation.
Monroe Environmental designs and builds complete scrubbing systems including multiple stages when required. We also design liquid clarification systems and other air cleaning devices, and can provide integrated complete systems.
Common contaminates removed by Monroe Packed Bed Fume Scrubbers
- Formic acid
- Chromic acid
- Cl2, F2, Br2
- BCl3, BF3
- Ethylene compounds
- Soluble alcohols, acids, & VOCs
- And many others
Wet Scrubber Features
- Materials of construction include:
- RTP (Reinforced Thermoset Plastic) and dual laminate
- PVC and CPVC
- Polypropylene and polyethylene
- Stainless steel, mild steel, and FRP-lined mild steel
- Nickel alloys
- Wide range of packing media including rings and saddles in various materials. Structured packing is also available.
- Complete instrumentation and electrical controls are available for stand alone operation or connection with a facility’s centralized control or monitoring systems.
- Chemical treatment, including oxidation and neutralization, is available to increase absorption of gaseous pollutants. pH control available when applicable.
- Corrosion resistant AMCA rated fan on the inlet or outlet side of the scrubber.
- Corrosion resistant recirculating pumps for scrubber liquid re-circulation.
- Non-plugging spray nozzles for wetting packing in a wide range of corrosion resistant materials. Special liquid distributors may also be used.
- Moisture eliminators with chevron, mist pad, or loose fill type designs.
Industrial Odor Control, Efficient Fume Scrubber Design
Monroe Environmental Packed Bed Scrubbers are custom designed to meet or exceed the specific removal efficiency required for each customer’s application and process. Monroe can also provide a process simulation for difficult or unique scrubbing system applications. Monroe engineers will optimize the performance of each unit by thorough evaluation of relevant parameters.
To optimize the performance of each unit, Monroe will analyze:
- Contaminant solubility
- Vapor pressures
- Wash liquid flow rate
- Liquid to gas ratio
- Packing chamber height, diameter, and volume
- Packing media type and size
- Chemical additives
- pH control
- Precipitation of reaction products
- Multiple solution scrubbing
- Required scrubbing stages
- Pressure drop across packing
- Materials of construction
- Site requirements
Wet Scrubber Configurations
Vertical Packed Tower Fume Scrubber
The vertical counter-flow design typically provides the best scrubbing efficiency of vapors and is the most common design found in most industries. The Monroe Vertical Packed Tower Scrubber is normally not used when solid particulate is in the air stream. Air flow capacity for a single shop fabricated tower can be up to 75,000 CFM.
Horizontal Packed Bed Fume Scrubber
The cross-flow design is less susceptible to fouling for airstreams that may contain solid particulate. Air flow capacity for a single shop fabricated tower can be up to 75,000 CFM.
Chromic Acid Fume Scrubber — Multiple Stage Design
Emissions from chrome plating and chromic acid anodizing operations produce hexavalent chrome mist that cannot be effectively removed in a conventional packed tower scrubber. A modified type of horizontal scrubbing unit using specialized mesh filter pads with periodic flushing is required to meet regulatory guidelines for this contaminant. PVC construction is typical.
Typical Chrome Applications
- Anodizing chrome
- Chrome etching
- Chrome manufacturing
- Chrome stripping
- Hard chrome plating
Multi-Stage Air Scrubbing Systems
Multiple scrubbing stages with different scrubbing solutions can be achieved by providing multiple scrubbing towers in series. These configurations can provide the highest removal efficiencies as well as multiple gas constituent removal. The diagram below includes three towers in series that could be used for H2S and ammonia removal.
Additional components that may be necessary to properly treat a given air stream can include:
- Quench Towers
- Venturi Scrubbers with clarification tanks (for particulate removal)
- Carbon Adsorbers
- Fiberglass filters
- And many others
Learn more about Monroe’s capabilities with Multi-Stage Scrubbing Systems
A Bioscrubber uses living microbes to consume pollutants from an air stream. This technology will efficiently remove gasses that cause odors at wastewater treatment plants such as H2S, dimethyl sulfide (C2H6S), carbonyl sulfide (COS), and methanethiol (CH4S). Bioscrubbers can effectively remove aldehydes, organic acids, nitrous oxide (N2O), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and a range of water-soluble VOCs.
Advantages of biological air pollution control:
- Often less expensive: the pollutants in the air stream feed and sustain the microorganisms that consume them. Avoids the expense of continually adding scrubbing chemicals.
- The process is green. It does not produce NOX or CO like combustors do. Chemicals requiring disposal are not generally produced. The products of a bioreaction in which microbes consume hydrocarbons are mainly CO2 and water.
Monroe Environmental experts will analyze your application to determine if a biological solution is appropriate. Extremes of hot and cold will limit the effectiveness of microbes. Most microbes thrive in a moist environment that is around neutral pH, near 7. Monroe will analyze the variables of temperature, moisture, pH, nutrient mix, and residence time to achieve conditions that will support a microbial population that will efficiently consume and remove the air pollutants that occur in a particular application.
Monroe Environmental will custom-design a biological scrubber for each application and manufacture it in-house. Units may range from a simple bio-filter tank with drain to a complete electronically controlled biological scrubbing system employing blower, liquid pumps, media with supporting structure, and a sump with nutrient addition and pH control to treat water that is distributed to the biological film living on the media.
Packed Bed Wet Scrubber Applications
Resources & Literature
Recent Case Studies
Air | Extending the Life of an Existing Fume Scrubber
Monroe Environmental is expert in troubleshooting and rebuilding a competitor’s wet scrubbing system to bring it up to like-new efficiency and performance standards.
Air | Packed Tower Wet Scrubber – SO2 Removal
Monroe Packed Tower Wet Scrubber for wastewater treatment plant to absorb and neutralize SO2 from bio-solids incineration exhaust.
Air | Packed Bed Scrubber Solves Toxic Gas Issues
30,000 CFM Horizontal Packed Bed Wet Scrubber System absorbs and neutralizes acid gasses from acid dip tanks.
Air | Multi-Stage Scrubbing System for Incinerator Exhaust
Monroe Environmental provided a multi-stage wet air scrubbing system for HCl and particulate removal from incinerator exhaust at an industrial waste plant.
Air | Halide Recovery at a Major Glass Products Plant
Custom designed Multi-Stage System – process gasses treated with a series of scrubbers, and wastewater was treated with a Monroe compact clarifier.